We have all heard about hybrid cars, but few of us know the history and origin of this type of cars and their incursion into the ranks of options given by dealerships. Hybrid cars are an evolution of today’s vehicles, a product of the need to use means of transport that consume less fuel and reduce the generation of harmful gases to the environment.
When did it start?
The development of this type of vehicle began in Scotland, between 1832 and 1839, when businessman Roberto Anderson invented the first pure electric vehicle. During the following years and in different points of Europe, tests were made to scales of electric vehicles, improvements were achieved in the Electric Battery, that were very heavy doing that the speed and capacity of the automobile was limited, in addition notable speed registers were made, registering a speed of the 100 km/h.
By 1880 a kind of electric taxis were already in use in England, which had a small electric motor and a set of batteries. At the same time, a three-wheel electric car was created and a four-passenger vehicle driven by a battery-powered engine was created.
The beginning of the XX century was framed by the improvements and advances in the technology of the electric vehicles, the acid battery and the nickel-iron battery were invented. As early as 1900 and in the years that followed, companies began to work seriously on the production of hybrid automobiles, such as steam and electric vehicles that matched the gasoline-powered vehicles of the time. The first hybrid car, a mixture of gasoline and electricity, was built in 1903 by the Krieger Company. The interest in these vehicles declined due to the wide range of vehicles on the market and the release of other more modern and striking gasoline models.
By 1966, the U.S. government suggested the use of hybrid cars as a mechanism to help reduce air pollution from gasoline-powered automobiles. In the 1970s, when gasoline prices soared and air pollution reached its most critical point, manufacturers resumed research on hybrid cars. TOYOTA in 1997, introduces the Prius, which started the new hybrid vehicle revolution.
Today, manufacturers such as FORD, PEUGEOT, KIA, BMW, among others, have introduced to the market vehicles with this same technology, making the range of options grow, allowing every day this type of technology, environmentally friendly is within our reach.
In Colombia Auto Avance advances investigative processes in this new technology, we have access to high level training programs that will allow you not only to have a wide knowledge in this type of vehicles but also to understand circuits, modules, charging system, batteries and specialized diagnosis.